|For 9 years G.Y. attended secondary
day school. Then he quit it and began working at
the Lvov main post office. But he continued
attending evening school.
In 1968-1969 G.Y. worked as a shipping
agent at the Lvov main post office. Then he was
an apprentice of an electrician. Also G.Y. worked
as an electrician in "Raduga" Lvov
From 1969 till 1973 G.Y. studied at Moscow
institute of national economy named after
Plekhanov G.V. In 1976 G.Y. finished his
In 1976-1977 G.Y. worked as a senior
engineer at the All-Union Scientific Research
Institute of coal industry. From 1977 till
1980 G.Y. worked as a senior research worker
at this institute.
In 1980 - 1982 G.Y. was the acting deputy
head of Labour and salary department at the
Labour Scientific Research Institute. Then he was
the acting deputy head of the Common Problems
Department at the Labour Scientific Research
In 1982-84 G.Y. headed the Common Problems
department at the Labour Scientific Research
Institute. From 1984 till 1985 G.Y. was
deputy head of the combined department of Labour
and Social problems at the USSR State Committee
on labour and social problem s.
In 1985-1988 G.Y. was deputy head of the
Improving management department at the USSR State
Committee on Labour and social problems. In
1985-1988 G.Y. headed the social development and
population department at the USSR State Committee
on trade and social problems.
In 1986 Yavlinsky with his colleagues
prepared a draft law on state enterprise.But it
was rejected by Nickolay Talyzin and Geidar Aliev
who supervised the project.
In summer 1989 Leonid Abalkin became
deputy chairman of the USSR Council of ministers.
He proposed a post of head of the department and
secretary of the economic reform comission under
the USSR Council of ministers to Grigory
Yavlinsky. (the Abalkin commission).
In spring 1990 Yavlinsky, Alexey Mikhailov
and Mikhail Zadornov made a project of a program
to liberalize state economy. It was called
Boris Yeltsin proposed to Mikhail Gorbachev to implement
the idea of Yavlinsky's program (called "500
days") by joint efforts. At the end of July
1990 on their initiative a working group was
formed , headed by the academician Stanislav
Shatalin . But Nickolay Ryzhkov and the
conservative communist elite were against the
program. That's why in October,17 1990 the
USSR Supreme Soviet practically rejected the
"500 days" program.
On October,17 1990 Yavlinsky resigned from
the post of deputy chairman of the Russian
Council of ministers. Later he stressed that the
implementation of the program "500
days" could save the USSR.
In January 1991 Yavlinsky was appointed as
economic adviser of the chairman of the Russian
Council of ministers. At that time he worked at
the All-Union Centre of economic and political
studies. The Centre was founded by Yavlinsky
himself. In spring 1991 G.Yavlinsky was
appointed as a member of the Kazakh Supreme
economic Council - the consultative BODY under
Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev.
In August,28 1991 Yavlinsky became the
deputy of Ivan Silayev - chairman of the
Committee responcible for the USSR national
economy and for economic reforms.
From June,1 till September,1 1992 the
centre of economic and political studies, under
the agreement with the administration of
Nizhegorodsky region was in the process of
working out a program of regional reforms.
On June,22 1922 Yavlinsky, as well as,
Sergey Stankevich , Eugeny Ambartsumov , Arckady
Volsky and Sergey Yushenkov , became a member of
the established Public Council on foreign and
In October,1993 G.Y. established the
electoral bloc of his own - the block of
Yavlinsky-Boldyrev-Lukin. Its leadership was
represented by Vladimir Lukin - the Russian
ambassador to the US, Yury Boldyrev - the former
head of the Russian President administration
depatment, a nd Nickolai Petrakov . Yavlinsky
headed the federal list of the electoral block
"Yavlinsky-Boldyrev- Lukin" at the December
1993 elections. He was elected as a the 5-th
State Duma's deputy. At the Autumn 1995
Parliamentary elections Grigory Yavlinsky headed
the Federal list of the "Yabloko"
On December,17 the "Yabloko"
faction overcame the 5 percent barrier during the
voting. As a result Yavlinsky became a deputy. He
headed the "Yabloko" faction in the
State Duma and became a member of the Duma
Council with casting vote.
On January,27-28 1996 the 3-d Congress of
"Yabloko" faction was held at the
country boarding house "Kliazmensky".
The Congress resolved to promote Yavlinsky at the
On February,9 1996 the Central Electoral
Commission of Russia registered the
representatives of the "Yabloko" party
initiaive group. They promoted Yavlinsky to the
On April,19 1996 the Central Electoral
Commission registered Grigory Yavlinsky as a
candidate to the post of the Russian President.